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Wildlife of Sri Lanka

Here are the amazing facts of Sri Lanka's wildlife:

  • Sri Lanka is home to 91 mammal species
  • 400 bird species
  • 245 species of butterflies
  • 82 species of fish
  • Over 106 species of amphibians
  • 171 species of reptiles

Whether you are a nature enthusiastic or a photographer the flora and fauna of Sri Lanka is going to get you awestruck.

National Parks & Reserves

Sri Lanka boasts of the world's first wildlife sanctuary, Mihintale, created in the 3rd century B.C. Sri Lanka is home to 7 bird sanctuaries and 09 national parks. The Yala National Park is home to a large number of leopards , while the Minneriya National park is home to a large number of elephants.


Sri Lanka is definitely a hot-spot for bio-diversity. By treading on the virgin rainforests you will see the number of diverse species of this little island

Bird Watchers

Sri Lanka is definitely the place to see the astonishing abundance of birdlife. The exotic birds and butterflies are going to get you gaping. Grab a pair of binoculars and step here to the birdwatcher's paradise.

Yala (Ruhuna) National Park

Situated 309 km. south of Colombo, Yala is approximately 1,259 in extent and is located in the south eastern corner of the island. Its northern boundaries border on the Lahugala Elephant Sanctuary and it has the added bonus of a scenic ocean frontage. The terrain is varied flat plains alternating with rocky outcrops. The vegetation ranges from open parkland to dense jungle. Water holes, small lakes, lagoons and streams provide water for the animals and birds. The specialty here is the large numbers of elephants.

Horton Plains National Park

The Horton Plains National Park is the only National Park situated in the Hill Country and falls within the Nuwara Eliya district and is 200 km. away from Colombo. Panoramic scenic beauty of the Hill Country could be witnessed within the Park. The famous `Worlds End' is a major attraction within the Park. Endemic slender loris and endemic purple monkey are among the important animal species that could be seen in addition to sambhur, a member of the cat family etc. There are some endemic avifauna also found within this Park.

Bird Sanctuaries

The sanctuaries at Kumana 312 km. from Colombo, Wirawila 261 km. Bundala 259 km. and Kalametiya 224 km. are all lagoon locations in Sri Lanka's extreme south eastern coast. The Giant's Tank in the north western corner of the island is a huge ancient irrigation reservoir of 3,800 hectares. The coastal sanctuaries are exotically picturesque with combinations of lagoon, swamp, river, jungle, lake and plain. Large flocks can be found here of both resident and migrant aquatic birds. The highland sanctuaries at Udawattakele 118 km. from Colombo and the Peak Wilderness 141 km. are quieter but equally picturesque with wooded hills and secluded streams and have the added bonus of rare flora such as our unique Wesak Orchid as well as numerous species of rare butterflies. The Udawattakele Sanctuary is in the suburbs of Kandy, our picturesque and fascinating hill capital. The Peak Wilderness is situated on the slopes of Adam's Peak (Sri Pada), Sri Lanka's sacred mountain.

Elephant Orphanage

An orphanage for elephants has been set up by the department of National Zoological Gardens, at Pinnawela, 90 km. from Colombo. It was established in 1975 and several animals brought here at the inception are now mature enough for breeding, which is the ultimate aim of the institution.

Let us organize a safari for you, with halts at nature parks, peeks in rainforests and stays in the place of your choice. We will show you why Sri Lanka is a nature lover's dream escape.

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